LAKOTA SIOUX
Great Plains Indians

You have two tasks to do with the Lakota Sioux vocabulary (see below).

TASK 1

Have a Lakota dialogue with a partner, in which you describe yourself, your family and your home. Use as many Lakota words as possible. Write your dialogue down.

Write a description of yourself, your family and your home, using as many Lakota words as possible. Length: 1 page.

TASK 2

Every Lakota Sioux had a name which described them personally. Sometimes the name was based on a physical description (for example, Smiles A Lot), but more often the name described the individual’s personality and strengths.

 

LAKOTA SIOUX vocabulary

Pronunciation rule: words without a visible accent are stressed on the second syllable.

If you want to hear how the words are pronounced, go to this website:

http://www.elexion.com/lakota/iyapi/words2.html

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People
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Wichasha: man Hankashi: male to female cousin wichah^cala: old man Wakhán Thánka: the Great Spirit
Wínyan: woman shic'eshi: female to male cousin winuh^cala: old woman Ithanchan: chief
Chincá: child Thunkashila: grandfather Hunka: adopted relative phejúta wichasha: male herbalist
Até: father Unci: grandmother   waphiye wichasha: medicine man
Chinkshi: son Céphanshi: female to female cousin   phejúta winyela: medicine woman
Hokshila: boy Thanké: male's older sister   Thóka: enemy, stranger
Wichíncala: girl Chuwé: female's older sist   Akichita: soldier
Ina: mother Mitakuye oyas'in: all my relatives   ozuye, kichizapi: war, battle
Chunkshi: daughter Thioshpaye: group that lives together   Oyate: nation
Kholá: male friend of a male Thiwáhe: family    
Thanhanshi: male to male cousin Mitháwichu ki : my wife    
Chiye: male's older brother mihigna ki : my husband    
Thibló: female's older brother Khoshkalaka: young man    
Mashké: female friend of a female Wikhoshkalaka: young woman    

 

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Nature
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Wétu: spring Bloketu: summer Ptanyetu: fall Waniyetu: winter
Hínhanni: morning Anpétu: daytime h^tayetu: evening Hanhepi: night
Wiyohiyanpata: east Itokaghata: south wiyoh^peyata: west Waziyata: north
makhá : soil, the earth Phéta: fire Thaté: wind Mni: water
mah^piya: sky, cloud anpétu wi: sun hanhepi wi: moon Wicháhpi: star
Oblaye: prairie Pahá: hill h^e: mountain Mágha: cultivated field
Ble: lake Wakpa: river ble tánka : ocean Wakpála: stream
Ínyan: rock ih^'e: stone Chan: tree, wood Hu: bush
Magháju: rain Chu: dew icamna : storm Wakinyan agli : thunderstorm
Chágha: ice Wa: snow Wasú: hail Osní: cold weather
p'o: fog Shóta: smoke Omáshte: sunshine Okháta: hot weather

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Anatomy
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Thanchan: body cheh^pi: flesh Ha: skin, hide Huhu: bone
We: blood Khan: sinew, nerve, vein Nasula: brain Pha: head
Nata: head Phehin: hair hin : hair, fur He: horn
Ité: face Phóghe: nose Ishtá: eye(s) Núnghe: ear(s)
I: mouth Ho: voice Hi: tooth Wicháceji: tongue
Istó: arm Ishpa: elbow Napé: hand nab'okazunte: finger
Hu: leg Chankpe: knee Si: foot Sipha: toe
Chuwi: back Ishtamni: tears Chanté: heart Chaghu: lungs
Phi: liver Themni: sweat Khúje: sick zan-níka: healthy
Ikpi: belly Phejuta: medicine    

 

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Animals
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Shúnka: dog Igmú: cat Shúnkawakhan: horse shungmánitu thánka: wolf
Shungmánitu: coyote Mathó: bear Shunghila: fox Phahin: porcupine
Hokala: badger Mashtíncala: rabbit Chápa: beaver Maká: skunk
Thathánka: buffalo heh^aka: elk Tháh^ca: deer Thathokala: antelope, goat
igmú thánka : lion Hoghan: fish Zuzeca: snake Agléshka: lizard
pte : cow Khukhúshe: pig Cinshkáyapi: sheep Hithunkala: mouse
Zintkala: bird Anunkhasan: bald eagle h^uya: common eagle theh^mungha: bee
Hinhan: owl Chetán: hawk Khanghi: crow Magha: duck/goose
Kimímila: butterfly Iktomi: spider Gnugnúshka: grasshopper  
Sinté: tail Bloká: male Wínyela: female  

 

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Everyday things
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Thípi: tipi, house Hóchoka: camp circle Máza: metal, iron Wakhangli: electricity
Othúnwahe: town Waphaha: headdress Itazipa: bow sni ognake: refrigerator
Hayápi: garments Wahachanka: shield Wanhinkpe: arrow Ikhanchola: radio
Chegnake: breechcloth Hunska: leggings Wíchaphe: fork Wichiteowapi wóyaka: TV
Janján: glass, bottle, jar Míla: knife Mázaska: money omás'ape: telephone
Chégha: kettle, pot, bucket Pápa: dried meat Oákan yanké: chair wóunspe omnaye: computer
Wágnawotapi: table Oyúnke: bed Mázawakhan: gun Iyéchinkínyanka: car
Shina: robe, blanket Wahukheza: spear Thaló: beef Phetíjanjan: lamp
Wíyaka: feather Chanupa: pipe    
Wakshica: dish Hánpa: moccasin    
Wakshupi: beadwork Chinshka: spoon    

 

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Numbers

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Wánci: one Núpa: two Yámni: three Tópa: four
Záptan: five Shákpe: six Shakówin: seven Shaglóghan: eight
Napcíyunka: nine Wikcémna: ten aké wanji: eleven aké núpa: twelve
aké yámni: thirteen aké tópa: fourteen aké záptan: fifteen aké shákpe: sixteen
aké shakówin: seventeen aké shaglóghan: eighteen aké napcíyunka: nineteen wikcémna núpa: twenty
wikcémna yámni: thirty wikcémna tópa: forty wikcémna záptan: fifty wikcémna shákpe: sixty
opáwinghe wanji : 100 opáwinghe núpa: 200 opáwinghe yámni: 300 opáwinghe tópa: 400
khoktópawínghe wanji: 1,000 khoktópawínghe núpa: 2,000 khoktópawínghe yámni: 3,000 wóyawa thánka: 1,000,000

 

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Everyday Expressions & Adjectives

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han (w), hau (m): yes t'a: dead Thánka: large Sápa: black
Hiya: no Wakhan: sacred cík'ala: small Ska: white
Pilamaya ye: thank you Ksápa: wise Hánska: long h^óta: gray
Washté: good witko(tko): foolish Ptécela: short Sha: red
Shíca: bad Skúya: good-tasting Shóka: thick Ghi: brown/rusty
lila washté: very good Pha: bitter Zibzipela: thin Zi: yellow
Ohan: ok, alright Mashte: hot Suta: firm/hard Tho: green/blue
tóka he/hwo?: what's wrong? Kháta: warm Cocola: Soft  
héchun shni ye!: don't do that! Oluluta: feeling hot Lúzahan: swift  
hépela!: happy to see you! Chuwita: feeling cold Iwashtegla: slow  
chanté shicé: sorry (he is sad) Lúta: red-hot Púza: dry  
olakhota, wólakhota : peace Osni: cold (weather) Spanyan: wet  
Thima: inside   Shápa: dirty  
Thankal: outside      
Kal: over there      
Anpetu kin le: today      
hínhanni kin, : tomorrow      
Tóksha: later      
Ehánni: already, long ago      
Óhinniyan: always      
tóhanni shni : never      
 


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